Virtual Multiteam Systems
VOSS: Virtual Organizations as Sociotechnical Systems

Project Personnel:
Principal Investigator: Leslie DeChurch
Co-Principal Investigator: Eduardo Salas
Co-Principal Investigator: Naim Kapucu
Co-Principal Investigator: Shawn Burke
Collaborator: Jessica Mesmer-Magnus
Graduate Researcher: Peter Seely
Graduate Researcher: Raquel Asencio
Graduate Researcher: Amy Wax

Funded by: This research is supported by funding from the National Science Foundation (Award #0943208)
Link to Award Description

Organizations are restructuring into collaborative systems in order to address complex problems by combining expertise distributed across business functions, knowledge specialties, and geographic locations. Often times these systems face complex and multifaceted goals requiring distinct teams to coordinate their efforts and compile crucial information distributed across a network of teams (i.e., multiteam system). This project will render an understanding of the requisite motivational, cognitive, affective, and behavioral dynamics that enable virtual organizations to function effectively.

This research tests components of a theoretically-based model of virtual organizational effectiveness grounded in multiteam systems theory and network theory. Methods include meta-analytic integration, field research on emergency response systems, and laboratory experimentation. Meta-analysis is be used to identify core principles linking virtuality features (e.g, synchronicity) and structural characteristics (e.g, nature of distribution) to essential behavioral (e.g., information sharing), motivational (e.g, efficacy), affective (e.g, team/org identity), and cognitive (e.g, transactive memory) dynamics. Field methods are used to examine the most pressing practical problems, and their relation to network features, in multiagency coordination structures operating in highly complex virtual settings. Laboratory experimentation evaluates the standardization of communication norms and pre-disaster network formation in enabling the coherent functioning of virtual organizations.

Publications:
Seely, P. W., Mesmer-Magnus, J., & DeChurch, L. A. (In Progress). Development and   testing of a multilevel model of collective identification. Target Journal: Academy of Management Journal. DeChurch, L., Mesmer-Magnus, J. Seely, P. W., & Asencio, R. (In Progress). How virtuality alters the determinants of team effectiveness: A meta-analysis. Target Journal: Organizational Science.

Asencio, R., Mesmer-Magnus, J., DeChurch, L.A, & Seely, P.W. (In Progress). The effects of goal structure on mixed-motive teams in a virtual organization. Target Journal: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.

Presentations:
Seely. P. W., Jimenez, M., & Mesmer-Magnus, J. (Co-Chairs). (2012). Virtual Organizational Effectiveness. Symposium to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Diego, CA.

Mesmer-Magnus, J., Seely, P. W., Hodge, R., & DeChurch, L. (2012). How virtuality alters the determinants of team effectiveness: A meta-analysis. In P. W.  Seely, M. Jimenez, & J. Mesmer-Magnus, Virtual Organizational Effectiveness. Symposium to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society for    Industrial and Organizational Psychology, San Diego, CA.

DeChurch, L., Murase, T., Seely, P. W., & Mesmer-Magnus, J. (2011). Meta-analytic insights into the mechanics of virtual organizations. Paper presented at the  UCF Virtual Organizations as Sociotechnical Systems (VOSS) Conference, Orlando, FL.

DeChurch, L., Seely, P. W., & Mesmer-Magnus, J. (2011). Multilevel effects of social    identification in organizations: A meta-analysis. In L. DeChurch, Teamwork in Virtual Organizations. Paper presented at the meeting of INGRoup, Minneapolis, MN.

DeChurch, L., Mesmer-Magnus, J., Seely, P. W., Murase, T., & Cooke, E. (2011). The      impact of virtuality on team effectiveness: A meta-analytic integration. In L. DeChurch & S. Winter, Enabling West to Meet East: Dynamics of Virtual Organizations. Symposium presented at the meeting of the Academy of Management, San Antonio, TX.

Seely, P. W. & Mesmer-Magnus, J. (Co-Chairs). (2011). Interdisciplinary Insights into Organizational Effectiveness. Symposium presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL.

Seely, P. W., Mesmer-Magnus, J., DeChurch, L., Murase, T., & Cooke, E. (2011). The impact of virtuality on team effectiveness: A meta-analytic integration. In J. Mesmer-Magnus & P. W. Seely, Interdisciplinary Insights into Organizational Effectiveness. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago, IL.

Seely, P. W., DeChurch, L., & Mesmer-Magnus, J. (2011). Development and testing of a multilevel model of collective identification in science teams. Poster presented at the meeting of Science of Team Science, Chicago, IL.

Seely, P. W., & DeChurch, L. (2011). Development and testing of a multilevel model of collective identification. Presented at the UCF Graduate Research Forum, Orlando, FL.